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System Updates: both Major and Obscure

Audiophiles have an acronym - WAF (Wife Acceptance Factor), that is usually applied to equipment as an indication for how likely a significant other is to accept *that thing* being inserted into the living environment. My S.O., Blithe, defines it differently - as a rating for how supportive she is for my oddball hobby with the rotating experiments, solder fumes, racks of spare parts in the basement, and road trips to other DIY addicts.

By that definition, Blithe rates a sky-high WAF!

Blithe also gets a lot of mileage in her job herding engineers by telling stories about my crazy projects, but since my updates to the website are well... unpredictable at best, she asked me to add a page where I can more quickly post some of the changes to the system. Some of these projects may (should) enventually get their own pages, but for now she will have a place she can point to where people can confirm the madness.


Hit the ground travelling in 2017 and it never stopped - San Francisco in January, Egypt/Jordan for three weeks February-March (a bucket-list trip with Blithe's sister via Stanford), Indianapolis in April, Indy again in May, Brussels Belgium in June, SF again in July and November, Indy in December, Westchester NY for New Years!

Summer: Not much audio building, but I did make some things - a series of walnut hat stretchers, a cherry and walnut model of a DaVinci catapult, three hopped-up Nerf Rival ball-shooters for office protection, replaced the main sewer line out of the house, several laminated hickory bokken and staffs, and made a lot of jewelry for Blithe.

Fall: Arrival of two new rescue cats after a long slow attrition of felines (due to old age) leads to construction of a plywood 3/4 box to fits over the Schick tonearm on the cherry Lenco turntable. It's fitted with walnut edges ar front and back to grip the edges of the plinth, so it slips on and off - but is very solid when mounted and should guard the tonearm from curious cat expeditions.

Lenco number one with naked tonearm - Click for larger view Lenco number one with tonearm bridge, safe from cats - Click for larger view


Summer: Bottlehead Eros phono stage stalled last Fall after I had most of the interior parts and chassis plates ready (scroll down to see pics). I finally got back to it in the Summer and completed the build in a few weeks. Wow. The Eros replaces a tweaked Bottlehead 'Seduction' phono stage and the improvement was immediately apparent. A very nice addition to the system!

Bottlehead Eros Faraday build, stepup trannies potted with beeswax in maple blocks - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday build, SS modules complete - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday build, input sw - MM/MC - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday build, internal wiring - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros, all checked out on the bench - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros online with turntable - Click for larger view

Bottlehead Eros (EF86-6922 + 12BH7 regulation) Customizations...

Recumbent number three at rest stop - Click for larger view

Distractions - Broke recumbent number two again (the replacement frame). Same main beam failure at about the same (3,400 miles) usage. Manufacturer is awesome again and replaces the frame a month later. New frame has no weld at the break location. Learning! I get busy while waiting and rationalize an upgrade to a carbon-fiber high racer from Schlitter: recumbent number three.

Summer: Visit Walter Clay and see and hear the system in his carriage house in Massachusetts - outstanding!

Audio visit - Walter Clay in Massachusets - Click for larger view Audio visit - Walter Clay in Massachusets - Click for larger view Audio visit - Walter Clay in Massachusets - Click for larger view Audio visit - Walter Clay in Massachusets Click for larger view Audio visit - Walter Clay in Massachusets Click for larger view

Fall: Balanced Cable project for Eros - My music room has the preamp and bi-amps between the speakers, but the turntable and phono stage are behind the seating area and have long cables that can be affected by EM interference. After listening to the new Eros phono stage for a while I decided to try out balanced cables to improve rejection of noise with the 25-foot run of signal cables. The Eros could drive the cables, but I've been around Laurence Yeatts so long that the balanced signal strategy started to take hold. You can just make adapters and use XLR shielded microphone cables - but I also wanted to try adding some transformers to get galvanic isolation.

Lawrence was quick to help locate some proper step-down trannies for the phono-stage end (Jensen JT-10K61-1M 10k:600) and a different balanced:single-ended transformer at the preamp end (Jensen JT-11P-1 1:1). I added polarity switches and a second set of RCA-inputs at each end for flexibility to the design and then cut up some ferrous (steel) 'Bud' boxes to hold everything.

Lawrence rescued me by reviewing my scanned schematic and pointing out that the polarity switching should be on the primary of the transformers!

They turned out great and there is an audible improvement, even using off-the-shelf Mogami microphone cables. The extra RCA inputs at each end give me some flexibility to try other cables, and add a second switched analog input for the Nova preamp.

Balanced cable boxes, finished fronts - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, finished backs - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, parts layout - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, rough cuts - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, painted, from back - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, send box wiring - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, destination box wiring, back - Click for larger view Balanced cable boxes, schematic - Click for larger view

Also decided that I needed to add a top hatch to the Eros for easier tube swapping.

Bottlehead Eros with top hatch, front - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros with top hatch, open - Click for larger view


Spring: Add multiple acoustic-suspension subwoofers to the music room - Over the years I've become more aware of the non-linear effects of ported woofers and prefer acoustic suspension bass. Found some excellent value kits from Parts-Express with 15-inch drivers and 250 Watt amps. At less than US$400 each I decided to buy two so that I could smooth out the bass resonances in the music room with multiple energy sources. I also repaired an old 8-inch Paradigm home theater subwoofer with a new main driver (foam rot, yuck). With three sources the standing waves are distributed better and I'm not seeing the huge gains and dropoffs on my SPL meter - that's a win.

Distractions - Many steampunk airguns built over winter and spring! Broke recumbent number two at about 3,500 miles, the main beam failed under the welded idler bracket. Manufacturer is awesome and replaces the frame right away.

Summer: Woot! I finally have a combination lathe and mill in the shop! Ordered a Baileigh MLD-1030 - Lathe has 10-inch throw and 30-inch bed, the mill/drill has about 6-inches swing over the cross-slide. Independant motors with digital speed controls. Buying one of these Chinese tools is sort-of like buying a kit, the base was too short and not very rigid, lights were completely inadequate, and it badly needs digital position read-outs for the main axis movements. Plus a lot of collets, adapters, milling bits, a quick-change tool post for the lathe, etc. Three months of tinkering and spending and I've got it sorted and it's very useful.

lifting 500 lb. Baileigh Combo Lathe/Mill onto stand - Click for larger view Quick-change toolpost for lathe - Click for larger view DRO kits for Combo Lathe/Mill DIY brackets and mounting! - Click for larger view Baileigh Combo Lathe/Mill installed - Click for larger view

I also upgraded my home theater preamp (and the Eastern Electric) DAC to a gently-used Peachtree Audio 'Nova' preamp. This design uses a Sabre DAC and has a 12AU7 output tube - best of all, it has a remote control to increase volume and switch between the 6! digital inputs plus one analog input, also a mute, and remote switching the output tube in or out of use. I can now be so much lazier!

Fall: Order a Bottlehead Eros phono stage kit, Of course this causes a cascade of spending on boutique parts (caps and resistors), and working out a Faraday-cage base design (high EM and RF in the music room) with switched internal RCA mic transformers as moving coil step-ups. Use the new mill to make internal brackets and an internal faceplate (behind the steel case) out of ebony to mount the switches and RCA input connectors.

Bottlehead Eros Faraday chassis, copper top plate layout - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday chassis, copper top plate - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday chassis, ebony front mounting layout - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros chassis, test assembly - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday chassis, top plate standoffs - Click for larger view Bottlehead Eros Faraday chassis, top plate standoffs - inside - Click for larger view

Winter: Design and build three different pairs of full-range desktop speakers using some of my hoard of small drivers collected over the years. I wanted to use an acoustic suspension design for the cabinets, but the various drivers needed wildly different cabinet volumes to load for best sound.

I had a sheet of 3/4-inch cherry veneer plywood left over from a window-seat project for the house, so I ripped it into long boards of various widths with 45 degree edges and glued up a series of rectangular tubes with different interior sizes. I used solid 5/4 cherry and walnut for the face and back plates, with rear-mounted drivers and a large-radius horn-like bezel cut (gradually) with a table router. Found some heavy outdoor lag bolts with torx heads and bought a bunch of them in various lengths. Then I calculated the volumes needed for the chosen drivers and cut the tubes to length, and drilled holes through the rear plates to insert lag bolts running up the corners to the rear of the front plate. Lag bolts running inside the corners held the projects together while the hyde glue set to make them airtight.

Desktop speakers project, assorted drivers - Click for larger view Desktop speakers project, tubes - Click for larger view Desktop speakers project, rough layouts with screws - Click for larger view Desktop speakers project, rough side-by-side compare - Click for larger view Desktop speakers project, finish on front panels - Click for larger view Desktop speakers project, finish on back panels - Click for larger view

Each pair is different. My favorites are the smallest ones using little Dayton ND91­8 3­1/2" Aluminum Cone Full­Range Driver 8 Ohm (0.57 liter box) - these little speakers rock up close, they look a bit like big inverted dome tweeters but they make the whole desk thump with bass, driven by an EL34 amp. The figured walnut face frame is cut at two different overlaps and angles so the speakers have two angled positions, flipping them on the side makes the diver perpendicular to the desk.

Desktop speakers, small - Click for larger view

The burled walnut pair with the natural edges using the Tang Band W4-1320SJF 4" Bamboo Full Range Speaker (2.1 liter box) are at the office where visitors notice them right away. I painted the plywood black because the cherry veneer was fighting the walnut grain, and they look great with a danish oil finish. The Tang Band drivers are smooth and detailed, but not especially dynamic. They will go loud though. Note the isolation transformer for the signal input from the laptop, very important to eliminate ground loops between computers and amps!

Desktop speakers, medium - Click for larger view Desktop speakers, medium - Click for larger view Desktop speakers, medium - Click for larger view Desktop speakers, medium - Click for larger view

The third pair is the largest, it uses 4 inch Faital Pro 4FE32 - 16ohm drivers (5.1 liter box) - these sound just, OK. Will probably pull the drivers and replace them with something else... In the meantime they are in the shop being driven with a digital amp.

Desktop speakers, large - Click for larger view Desktop speakers project, Faital driver - Click for larger view


Recumbent number two at Blood, Sweat + Gears ride near Boone NC - Click for larger view

Spring: Read about the Elekit TU-8200 6L6 Japanese amplifier kit online and got curious so I bought one. Web scuttlebutt is that these are from a company that does teaching kits in Japan, and it proved to be an extremely well-thought-out and high-quality product. It came with nicely illustrated and thorough English and Japanese assembly books and it went together quickly. There is a space and input socket hole for a small upgrade DAC input board, but not much other room for tweaking in this multiple-interlocking PCB design that uses several voltage regulators per stage. Nice 'type-R' power tranny! Can use EL84, 6L6, or KT88 output tubes, and 12AU7 input tubes. Sounds pretty good, very stable, maybe a little sterile - I'm using it as a desktop amp at work.

Distractions - Bought recumbent number two, a RANS Rifle 'stick bike' high racer made in Hays, KS. Sold recumbent number one, a Performer mid-racer.

Summer: Built a Bottlehead Stereomour single-ended 2A3 'Summer' amp kit with some of my typical tweaks. It has a heavy copper top-plate, pencil-cup steel mesh transformer covers, a tapered walnut base with ebony feet, and boutique capacitors and resistors. Also swapped out one stage of the power supply filter resistors with inductors. (Stereomour is a parafeed 2A3 design with a constant-current loaded 12AT7 driver tube)

Bottlehead Stereomour 2A3 amp - Click for larger view Bottlehead Stereomour 2A3 amp - Click for larger view Bottlehead Stereomour 2A3 amp, before PS caps - Click for larger view Bottlehead Stereomour 2A3 amp, PS inductors - Click for larger view Bottlehead Stereomour 2A3 amp, input switching - Click for larger view Bottlehead Stereomour 2A3 amp, final wiring - Click for larger view

Bottlehead Stereomour (12AT7-2A3) Customizations...


Winter: Tweaking the recumbent bike... riding when the weather permits... Sniped a couple of single-ended EL84 console amps off eBay - an Admiral and a Zenith - for rebuild projects.

Admiral EL84 Console amp rescue - Click for larger view Admiral EL84 Console amp rescue, top - Click for larger view

Also bought a Chinese EL34 kit from eBay - very nice plated steel chassis and aluminum transformer covers in the kit... but the schematic was... horrible - no bill of materials or instructions and the color print of the bottom for wiring turned out to be for a different amp! Reworked the schematic as an SRPP 12SL7 driver for each SE output tube (can use EL34 or 6L6 in this design). Upgraded the power transformer about 40% to run a better rectifier (now uses a 5U4G). Had some hum to hunt down on initial power-up, but sounds good now - best with EL34 tubes. Added some arc contoured ebony side plates and better speaker connectors, now a fine desktop audio amplifier.

Chinese kit EL34 amp ebony sides - Click for larger view Chinese kit EL34 amp on desktop - Click for larger view Chinese kit EL34 amp rear - Click for larger, blurry view

Still waiting for the Jeremy Clark bearing (22+ months)! Lenco Heaven thread on Jeremy is locked after a protesting Mr. Clark returns to a hail of recriminations, so we may never know if he actually delivers anything to anyone.


Mario the dog's Tiki Hut - Click for larger view

Fall: Very slowly building up range of shoulder motion and endurance with light loads. In October I start to work on some long-overdue projects with help from Blithe and other friends. Finished Mario's 'tiki hut' dog porch for the side yard. Built an island for the kitchen to replace the cabinet with my Great-grandmother's work table on top (used as an island since getting the kitchen reconfigured in 2009). Still waiting for the Jeremy Clark bearing (18+ months)!

Purchased and installed a nicely machined thrust bearing holder from 'Joly' on Lenco Heaven site. It's a massive machined thing that replaces the OEM circlip and thrust bearing, installed with high-strength Loctite over the steel tube. I added a Lignum Vitae thrust plate for the assembly. Up by the OEM die-cast collar I used a section of aluminum tubing and steel-filled epoxy to add strength, and a reinforcing top ring for the thin steel chassis-plate made from a huge steel washer. Also machined a mounting plate and a walnut spacer to bolt the bottom of the bearing to the cherry plinth. Holes in the mounting plate are oversized for the big bolts to allow the bearing to 'center' and align (while installed on equipment stand) before final tightening.

Lenco number one bearing upgrade parts - Click for larger view Lenco number one bearing mounting plates - Click for larger, blurry view Lenco number one bearing upgrade installed - Click for larger view

Summer: The long, slow recovery continues. In June I finally lose my mind and buy a Recumbent bicycle to ride clamped in a trainer while listening to headphones. Planning for house renovations, we engage a neighbor to start CAD drawings for roof and bathroom improvements. In July we take a trip to France for Flo and Bruno's wedding. Still waiting for the Jeremy Clark bearing.

Spring: Yoiks, a bike accident on 15 March where I was struck by a U-turning off-duty law enforcement fellow results in a Grade 5 shoulder separation. Reconstructive surgery at the beginning of May will require a 12 month recovery with no lifting for at least 3 months... so I can listen, but not build (or tweak) for a while. But I'm now part-Zombie since the surgeon uses a cadaver tendon to lash my collarbone back to my shoulder blade. So I've got that going for me.

Winter: Oh yes, the second coming of the Lowther field coils is a most happy time. Sadly, I'm still waiting after 8 months for the blingy 'supermarine' Lenco platter bearing from Jeremy Clark (AKA, Redbeard Analogue), Lenco Heaven has a thread on how many are waiting... many for more than a year with multiple broken promises. It doesn't look good. I've spent so much time thinking about this that I have convinced myself I would have been better off to spend the money on a used metal lathe and try to make one myself!

Started working on Lenco number two, a 'light platter' B52 salvaged from a US military setup. This Lenco will have a heavy laminated plywood base with an ebony armboard and a vintage Microtrak 306 tonearm, which sounds amazing with the Denon 103.

Click for larger view Lenco number two front - Click for larger view Lenco number two rear - Click for larger view


Fall: Midas aluminum shell replacement for Denon 103 cartridges + successful surgery to remove the old plastic body == outstanding musical performance! Thanks Daiwok! Ebony headshell and counterweight for Schick tonearm add to the experience. Build and install cherry shelves and hatch covers for the ends of the kitchen window seat.

Ebony bits on Schick arm - Click for larger view

Summer: Landscaping - building a stone wall along the driveway in the front yard.

Stone wall project - Click for larger view

Spring: Trip to Asheville, NC to pick up Lowther Field Coil drivers purchased from Jeffrey Jackson (Experience Music, also Hifi Heroin Blog) is followed by surgery on azurahorns to replace the driver mounting baffle with a Lowther-compatible bolt pattern (oddball freakin' Lowthers are NOT even radially symmetric and have a smaller bolt circle than any 8-inch driver I know...). Also have to design and build rear support legs for the 20 pound electro-magnets, else the weight will warp the Lowther basket.

More walnut parts New driver baffles Side view with Lowther Field-coils Rear view with new drivers

Order a replacement bearing for the Lenco turntable from a machinist in the UK, Jeremy Clark. Seems a shame to hide this level of craftsmanship inside a turntable, but Jeremy assures me this is the last bearing I will ever need!

Jeremy Clark example of fantastic custom bearing - Click for larger view

Winter: finally replaced ancient and gigantic Mitsubishi rear-projection HDTV with a Sony 55-inch LED flat panel. HDTV improved a lot in 13 years! It's thin, light, has a great picture, uses less than 40% of the power of the old TV, and I can drive it at full 1080p resolution from the MacBook.


Fall: Purchase an Eastern Electric Mini-max DAC, a Sabre-chipped beauty with 12AU7 tube output and switchable phase.

Summer: More small house projects, convert the reef tank to LED lighting. Trip to Asheville to visit Steve Blair and the Jacksons for Independence Day, then an Alaskan cruise in September.

Spring: 46 tube preamp with parafeed loading and remote-control slagleformers as output trannies...

46 preamp project, top plates cut but no transformers yet - Click for larger view

Winter: Replace the bass support panels for the azurahorns with new open baffle panels featuring double 15-inch Augie drivers from Silver Iris, and solid walnut wings...

Top view of new bass panels shows countour of walnut wings and triangulated rear bracing New bass panels with walnut wings, double Augie 15-inch woofers With Azurahorns attached, more stable than previous woofer bases too


Fall: Replace the Squeezebox with Apple Airport Express boxes on Kitchen and Music room sytems, convert all FLAC files to Apple lossless so that we can both use iTunes on our MacBooks using 'Max'.

Summer: Back to MC Cartridges after I put a Faraday cage around my stepup transformers to kill the EM-induced hum.

Steel box, aka Faraday cage, for the stepup trannies for high EM environment - Click for larger view

Spring: Dang, I can't remember! Oh yeah... working on the kitchen.

Clark Avenue kitchen after with new lighting, granite counters, copper backsplash... Clark Avenue kitchen, detail from new window seat in eating nook...

Winter: January DBH meeting in Greenville, SC - Ken Lochridge. Trip to Memphis, TN to visit Jeffrey Jackson and the Jackson clan.

Channeling Elvis at Sun studio? Not.


Fall: Tear up the kitchen!

Summer: dBH meeting here in Raleigh -- and it's frikin' hot in da Music Room!

Part of the gang

Spring: VSAC 2008 in Vancouver, WA March. Oswalds Mill trip in April. Return with a 12-inch Schick tonearm for the Lenco, perfect for use with a Denon DL103. Lash up the azurahorns atop the OB subwoofers from Charlotte and start experimenting with crossovers -- Zowie! What took me so long?

Azurahorns in tha' house! OB (Open Baffle) woofers with subwoofer amps Line-level low-pass crossover for SM70 amps quickly replaced the sub-amps Line-level high-pass crossover for amps driving horns unloads drivers from bass duty

Winter: Replace main power transformers in il Monstro with custom-wound units from Jack Elliano ( DBH meeting in Ashville, NC at Jim Dowdy's house.

New huge Eletra-print power tranny on left, old Hammond 300BX on right


Fall: Moving into new house with a beautiful new listening room and a basement crying out to be a shop -- but first I have to seal all the block foundation walls and add wiring and lighting throughout.

Clark Avenue basement before... Clark Avenue basement after...

Summer: Commuting weekends between Charlotte and Raleigh while we sell the Charlotte house, living in an apartment in Cary during the week stuffed with audio parts and tools. Rebuilt Lenco turntable kicks the poop out of my Empire turntable. Begin the digital transformation with purchase of a Slim Devices Squeezebox and start ripping all my CDs to FLAC files.

Lenco in laminated cherry base with vintage Ortofon tonearm

Spring: comes along and makes me an offer I cannot refuse to leave Wachovia and move to Raleigh... Also prep the Adire HE12.1 speakers for sale by finalizing the crossover and installing it in the cabinet, and recovering the baffle with black vinyl -- looks marvelous!

Adire HE12.1 final version - Click for larger view

Winter: Finally get the new equipment stand built and installed in the living room in Charlotte.

New equipment stand - Click for larger view Just about the final layout for the Listening Room in Charlotte - Click for larger view